By Libby Garland

In 1921 and 1924, the USA handed legislation to sharply decrease the inflow of immigrants into the rustic. by way of allocating in simple terms small quotas to the countries of southern and jap Europe, and banning just about all immigration from Asia, the hot legislation have been presupposed to stem the tide of foreigners thought of specially inferior and hazardous. although, immigrants persisted to come back, crusing into the port of recent York with faux passports, or from Cuba to Florida, hidden within the holds of boats loaded with contraband liquor. Jews, one of many major ambitions of the quota legislation, figured prominently within the new foreign underworld of unlawful immigration. even if, they finally controlled to flee everlasting organization with the identification of the “illegal alien” in a fashion that different teams, corresponding to Mexicans, to this point, have not.

In After They Closed the Gates, Libby Garland tells the untold tales of the Jewish migrants and smugglers concerned with that underworld, exhibiting how such tales contributed to becoming nationwide anxieties approximately unlawful immigration. Garland additionally is helping us know how Jews have been associated with, after which unlinked from, the threat of unlawful immigration. by way of tracing this complicated background, Garland deals compelling insights into the contingent nature of citizenship, belonging, and Americanness.

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After They Closed the Gates: Jewish Illegal Immigration to the United States, 1921-1965 by Libby Garland

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